The President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia participated in the 77th session of the United Nations, where he said that this forum “should allow us to continue to strengthen multilateralism in order to deal more effectively with the new and old threats that beset the ‘humanity’.
On the occasion, Arce said that, “today we face a multiple and systematic capitalist crisis that increasingly endangers the life of humanity and the planet, which must be identified” the origin of a system that reproduces the domination, exploitation and exclusion of large majorities, that engenders the concentration of wealth in a few hands and that gives priority to the production and reproduction of capital before production and reproduction of life.
Bolivia’s rapid economic growth is based on rejecting the IMF and building a strong role for the state, President Luis Arce told the UN General Assembly. pic.twitter.com/kUbVZ4q3po
— Kawsachun News (@KawsachunNews) September 20, 2022
The president made his proposals to the UN assembly in figures:
1. Declare the world a zone of peace. Prioritize dialogue between nations through popular diplomacy. Multilateralism is the only mechanism that represents a system of respect between states, regardless of their economic or military power.
2. Replace the construction of weapons of mass destruction with fair compensation for the world’s poor. Today, 9 countries possess 9,705 nuclear warheads; 9,440 of them are in military stocks, ready for use.
3. Against the commodification of health, “we will propose universal health systems”.
4. A global food sovereignty agenda in harmony with Mother Earth. Another manifestation of the crisis of capitalism is the food crisis. In 2021 alone, a total of 828 million people went hungry.
5. Rebuild the productive capacities of the countries of the periphery, struck by the unstoppable logic of the concentration of capital. “This is why today we must be governed by the principles of solidarity, complementarity and respect for the self-determination of peoples. The foreign debt must be reduced so that our countries can implement global and sustainable social policies with sovereignty. We must change the terms of trade which today only benefit the North. In the case of Bolivia, we do not and will not accept impositions from the International Monetary Fund. We are guided by the civilizing principle of living well that emerges from our original indigenous roots.
6. The climate crisis requires responsibility, solidarity, harmony between human beings and nature, not usury. Countries that have the capacity to change their patterns of production and consumption lack the political will to do so. “To reverse the climate crisis, the contradictions of the capitalist model must be resolved”.
7. Nationalization of lithium for the benefit of populations and the energy transition. “We do not want colonialism and capitalist development, like other wealth, to use it for the benefit of the few and the hunger of the people. We reject any form of interference and destabilization of democracy in our country for the purpose of controlling lithium. According to what the commander of the US Southern Command said a few months ago, the so-called “lithium triangle”, located in South America and made up of Bolivia, Argentina and Chile, is in the crosshairs. the United States. But we are not chess pieces on a chessboard; we are people who work every day to move forward and we have every right to decide on our natural resources.
8. From nationalization to regionalization of the fight against drug trafficking. “Continuing to focus on supply and not demand has only served as a pretext for the militarization and international deployment of the war on drugs. This affects farmers in the South and leaves criminal groups, which have never been identified in countries with high drug consumption, with absolute impunity.
9. Strengthen international preferential treatment mechanisms for landlocked countries. “All Mediterranean or landlocked countries encounter serious difficulties in accessing the sea and exploiting its resources. All countries have the right to use ocean space. It has been shown that landlocked countries are doubly affected; we have higher costs to import products and our development is hampered. My country was born with a sea, but today it is a landlocked country, forced by the circumstances of the past to face multiple barriers. We hope that as soon as possible, dialogue and diplomacy can triumph to repair the injustices of a war motivated by capitalist interests and thus build a better future between brotherly peoples.
10. Broaden our narrow view of human rights and democracy.
11. Intergenerational solidarity and universal concern for the elderly who have built today’s youth center with their work.
12. Declare the Depatriarchy Decade to address all forms of violence against women and girls. “Globally, we are particularly concerned about the violence experienced by poor indigenous women and girls. Patriarchy is the oldest system of oppression, supplemented by colonialism and capitalism. We defend the construction of reciprocal relationships, for a life free from all forms of exclusion, domination, exploitation, discrimination and violence for all humanity and our Mother Earth”.
13. Reject unilateral condemnations. “It is inconceivable that unilateral measures are still applied with the aim of breaking governments at the cost of the hunger and suffering of their peoples. An example is the criminal blockade of Cuba by the United States, which endangers the lives of millions of people”.
14. Fully ratify the Charter of the United Nations and the principle of multilateralism. “The Plurinational State of Bolivia and its democratic and cultural revolution are optimistically committed to overcoming the current polarization of global architecture and overcoming the capitalist order that has dragged us into a dizzying, dangerous and limitless consumer race, that puts humanity and the planet at risk.